Monstera deliciosa (Costilla de Adán) Aka Swiss Cheese Plant, Adam’s Rib, Tarovine, Fruit salad plant, Fruit salad tree (in reference to its edible fruit, which tastes similar to a fruit salad), Ceriman, Cheese plant, Monster fruit, Monsterio delicio, Monstereo, Mexican breadfruit, Locust and wild honey, Windowleaf, Balazo, and Penglai banana. The names in Spanish (costilla de Adán) or Portuguese (costela-de-adão) or French (plante gruyère) refer the change of the leaves from entire to fenestrated (comparing it in the first case with the ribs of Adam and in the second with the hole-filled gruyère cheese). The specific epithet deliciosa means “delicious”, referring to the edible fruit. “Monstera” refers to its leaf size ranging from 2-3 ft. long.
Monstera is a species of flowering plant native to tropical rainforests of southern Mexico, south to Panama. It has now naturalized in tropical America. Young plants have leaves that are smaller and entire with no lobes or holes, but soon produce lobed and fenestrate leaves.
Wild seedlings grow towards the darkest area they can find until they find a tree trunk, then start to grow up towards the light, creeping up the tree. (CC image from Pictures from Longwood Gardens taken by Raul654 On May 1, 2005)
The bloom becomes a completely edible fruit known for its fruity flavor, but not utilized in any cuisine from P.R..
This member of the arum family Araceae is an epiphyte with aerial roots, able to grow up to 20 m (66 ft) high with large, leathery, glossy, heart-shaped leaves 25–90 cm (10–35.5 in) long by 25–75 cm (10–29.5 in) broad.
Monstera deliciosa Liebm. [as Monstera lennea K. Koch] Berliner allgemeine Gartenzeitung, vol. 25: (1857)